is skullcap a perennial

What Is Skullcap? A previous post this year lists a lighter blue flower as Showy Skullcap. Name: Skullcap, Official Scientific Name: Scutellaria lateriflora Official Skullcap is known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap,and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America. It has clusters of beautiful blue flowers and interesting skullcap (or helmet) shaped seed pods. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The herb has been used for centuries as a natural mood-booster, and for a variety of other purposes. The plant is found growing in sandy and rocky places near the sea shore, sunny, grassy slopes, waste ground. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Pollinated by long-tongued bees and is the only food plant of the Skullcap Leaf Beetle. Skullcap is a hardy perennial flowering plant with a lot of uses. Scutellaria lateriflora contains flavonoids. Scutellaria lateriflora (Lamiaceae) Skullcap is a hardy perennial herb indigenous to North America. Aside from that similarity, their leaves and stems are quite different. Baikal skullcap is a Chinese medicinal herb that was used for over 2,000 years to treat fevers, hypertension, coughing, and other ailments, and is used today as a traditional remedy for dysentery and diarrhea. The compounds in this plant are so powerful that most sources maintain that it should be used with extreme caution. Skullcap is a perennial plant that grows in rich woodland clearings. With the scientific name Scutellaria lateriflora, this plant can be found in North America’s wet habitats. It has an upright habit, growing 60 to 80 centimeters in maximum height. This wetland plant is also known as blue scullcap, mad-dog scullcap, and side-flowering skullcap. Scutellaria lateriflora is the species indigenous to North America and is believed to have sedative, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, and anti-inflammatory properties.  Although the plants pictured on this page have a similar, toothed leaf, these flowers are much less “showy”, so I think they are a different species.  As to which one, I’m not sure. It is drought tolerant once it is established. Lets learn more about how to grow skullcap herb and the plants interesting history. Ninety-plus species occur in North America alone. It is a wetland-loving species and grows near marshes, meadows, and other wet habitat. Skullcap is a member of the Lamiaceae, or Mint family. ( Log Out /  Historically, it has been used in traditional folk practices to promote wellbeing and … Skullcap is a perennial herb that was prized by the Native Americans and used as a mild sedative without causing unwanted drowsiness. [12][13] Another study identifies 5,6,7-trihydroxy-2'- methoxyflavone and its 7-O-glucuronide. It has the same tiny leaves and shrubby form as a germander, but grows much better here. It’s native to North America and it has been cultivated for its medicinal properties. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979. Texas Rose Pink Skullcap is an herbaceous perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Though not aromatic like some mints, it has the characteristic square stem and serrated leaves. This plant got its name from the shape of its blue flowers and seed capsules which resemble military caps from the Middle Ages. Since some compounds are similar to neurotransmitters involved in regulating anxiety, skullcap acts as a light antispasmodic that helps treat muscle tension, nervous tension, insomnia and anguish. Like the environment it grows in, skullcap herb has been known to instill a sense of gentle calm. It has clusters of beautiful blue flowers and interesting skullcap (or helmet) shaped seed pods. Scientifically referred to as Scutellaria lateriflora, this herb is native to the wetlands of North American. Scutellaria baicalensis, more commonly known as Baikal skullcap, is a perennial herb indigenous to Southern China and Korea and is one of more than 300 Scutellaria species.Its dried roots are used in traditional Chinese medicine and is sometimes also called Huang qin or golden root. The flower get its name from the shape of the calyx (the group of sepals) at the base of the … Skullcap is a native perennial wildflower. Blue skullcap is a hardy perennial plant that belongs to the mint family. Different varieties live all over the United States, but here in Louisiana only Rough Skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native. Scutellaria § Constituents and pharmacology, "Comparison of the Phenolic Component Profiles of Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) and Germander (Teucrium canadense and T. Chamaedrys), a Potentially Hepatotoxic Adulterant", "Antineoplastic effect of β-elemene on prostate cancer cells and other types of solid tumour cells", Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scutellaria_lateriflora&oldid=993607225, GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators, Articles needing additional medical references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 14:20. [3][4] It is a wetland-loving species and grows near marshes, meadows, and other wet habitat. Skullcap can attain a small height of 2 to 3’ with occasional branching. They crescendo to the top, where the flower buds are found. Scutellaria lateriflora, known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap,[1][2] and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America. Scutellaria galericulata, the common skullcap, marsh skullcap or hooded skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb native to northern areas of the Northern Hemisphere, including Europe, Asia, and almost all of Canada. There are numerous species of skullcap but the blue skullcap is deemed as the most potent since it has the widest range of uses and benefits. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Skullcap is a native perennial wildflower. The blue flowers are just under a centimeter long. This herb has been used for hundreds of years to help ease muscle tension and spasms. Skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata) is a British native low growing perennial with very pretty delicate blue flowers from June to September. 2002. Growing to heights of 2 to 4 feet, Skullcap is a perennial herb that prefers wet areas and grows wild in woods and meadows. The flower get its name from the shape of the calyx (the group of sepals) at the base of the flower, which looks like a little helmet (or “skull cap”). The plants were growing in full sun, at the edge of the forest. Ideal for xeriscapes. It has a neat, compact mounding growth habit that works well as an edging plant or ground cover. Skullcap or Scutellaria is a perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. Plant it in well-drained soil. It has an upright habit, growing 60 to 80 centimeters in maximum height. P.H. Skullcap was often used as a folk remedy for treating rabies. [10][11] Baicalin has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in a rat model of thermal hyperalgesia. [5] Other skullcaps used for similar purposes include common skullcap (S. galericulata), western skullcap (S. canescens), and southern skullcap (S. cordifolia). Follow VIRGINIA WILDFLOWERS on WordPress.com. It’s flowers are blue and hood shaped. From its rich blue-grey foliage, to its gorgeous blue-violet blooms, to its ability to grow lushly in a garden as a drought tolerant and hardy perennial The plants are small, only 12 inches tall. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Both Chinese and American skullcap are perennial herbs which grow 1-2 feet in height and produce purple flowers. [5] Cherokee women have used it as an emmenagogue. Key Actions: Sedative Nervine tonic Antispasmodic Mild bitter American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a perennial herb native to North America. Scutellarin is transformed by hydrolysis into scutellarein. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. Pink Skullcap is a very interesting plant in that it stays very low to the ground and spreads very slowly, almost like a molten lava flow moving slowly outward from the center. In: J Janick,A Whipkey (eds). [6] Skullcap products have been analyzed, with some adulterated by Teucrium canadense or T. chamaedrys, also known as germander, which contains potentially hepatotoxic diterpenes. [8] Diterpenes isolated from S. barbata had cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines in vitro. This heat and sun-loving, drought tolerant perennial blooms for months on end, providing bright color to the waterwise garden. The American skullcap plant (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a North American perennial herb.  The genus, Scuttelaria, is huge; there are 300 species worldwide. [9], The principal phenolics in the leaves, stems, and roots of some Scutellaria species are baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, and oroxylin A. Versatile and useful in rock It's extremely hardy; it takes our heat and drought very, very well. Baikal skullcap is a perennial plant hardy in zones 4 through 8. This plant will spread so it’s important to be aware of this if space is an issue in your garden. [14] A number of the flavones found in S. lateriflora have been reported to selectively bind with high affinity to central benzodiazepine receptor sites, leading to the view that the flavones exert anxiolytic and other benzodiazepine effects in rats. The blue flowers are just under a centimeter long. Skullcap herb uses are varied in that skullcap refers to two separate herbs: American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) and Chinese skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis), both of which are used to treat entirely different conditions. Although it is widely distributed throughout large regions of North America, there are related species found as far away as China. The plant grows to about 1-4 ft. tall, with lanceolate leaves and blue-purple, hermaprodite flowers. Skutellaria lateriflora. Tiny, pink, snapdragon-like flowers cover the neat, compact mound of foliage. Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a flowering plant in the mint family. Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora), also known as blue skullcap, is a perennial flowering plant which can be found in North America’s wet habitats. In bloom, the plant is covered in tiny, tubular blue flowers, although color can vary (2). Description and History Of Skullcap. Its extracts are used in herbal medicine intended as a mild sedative and sleep promoter. Different varieties live all over the United States, but here in Louisiana only Rough Skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native. It is increasingly prescribed by modern herbalists. ( Log Out /  Heartleaf skullcap (Scutellaria ovata) can be found growing under the shade of oaks and cedar elms in bottomland areas of the Hill Country. More about how to grow skullcap herb and the plants interesting history ; 580–.! Related species found as far away as China ( or helmet ) shaped seed pods herb native to wetlands. Here to sing Hallelujah praises for heartleaf skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native to America. 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