november class submarine

However, the power of the November class’s reactors was bought at the price of safety and reliability. Submarine operations are, of course, inherently risky; the U.S. Navy also lost two submarines during the 1960s, though it hasn’t lost any since. The submarine was used for training cruises since 1988 and decommissioned from the Navy's order of battle on 19 April 1990. K-14, which would distinguish itself in the medical evacuation of an Arctic expedition in 1963, also experienced a reactor breakdown in 1961, necessitating its replacement the following years. Crewmembers were evacuated from the reactor compartment, the reactor cover was lowered down and naval staff was informed about the accident. [citation needed] The first commander of K-3 was Captain 1st Rank L.G. An emergency in the port-side reactor took place on 24 May 1968 in the Barents Sea during trials of submerged K-27 at full speed (AR-1 automatic control rod raised up spontaneously and the reactor power decreased from 83% to 7% during 60–90 sec). On 7 February 1965 the ejection of radioactive steam took place during the lift of a reactor cover. The submarine performed 4 cruises in 1961 (passed 1,356 miles up-top and 1,967 miles submerged). Three interim overhauls were made in 1965–1966, 1973–1975 (including refueling in 1975) and 1983–1985. On 12 April 1970, after four days on the surface, K-8 sank returning from patrol and participation in the large scale "Okean-70" naval exercise. On 12 February 1988 a fire took place in a hold of VII compartment during maintenance work in the naval base, the fire was brought under control using submarine chemical smothering arrangement but one man was lost. The Collins-class is a series of six Australian-built diesel-electric powered submarines in service with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). K-11 performed four patrol missions in 1975–1977 (173 days) and five patrol missions in 1982–1985 (144 days). The submarine performed a number of cruises including participation in naval exercise "Ograda" (Protective fence) during 4 March 1965 – 4 April 1965, patrol mission in North Atlantic in July 1965, two patrol missions (161 days) in 1969–1973, one patrol mission in 1978 (51 days), one patrol mission in December 1983 – January 1984. 04 November 2020. K-27 resurfaced and returned from training area to home base using the starboard reactor. Share . [citation needed], The reliability of the first Soviet nuclear-powered submarines was relatively low because of the short service life of the steam generators in the main propulsion machinery, which caused an increase of the radioactivity level in the second loop of the reactor after several hundred hours of reactor operation. Commissioned 31 December 1959. In April 2010, Wired $2agazine published an article on the survey of the sunken submarine conducted by the UK company ADUS Ltd.[9] The article was accompanied by high resolution multibeam sonar images of the wreck. 8 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (20 torpedoes SET-65 or 53-65K). The first Project 627 boat, the K-3 Leninsky Komsomol, launched in 1957 and made its first voyage under nuclear power in July 1958 under Capt. [10], Laid down 28 November 1962, launched 17 August 1963, and commissioned 30 November 1963. There are plans to convert the first submarine of the class (K-3) into a museum ship in St. Petersburg, but the hulk of submarine remains in Polyarny due to economic reasons and the environmental concerns of some ecological organizations. The submarine was placed at pier in Severomorsk and a depot ship continuously piped steam to submarine to avoid cooling of heat-transfer metal in the reactor. This was the first loss of a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine. Golubev and commander of the 3rd division of nuclear submarines (chief officer on board) captain 1st rank N.K. There was a serious accident on board K-3 on 8 September 1967. K-133 together with K-116 (Project 675 submarine) for the first time in the world performed submerged voyage from the Northern Fleet to the Pacific Ocean Fleet via Drake Strait under the general command of Rear Admiral A. Sorokin. The United States launched the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, in 1954, revolutionizing undersea warfare. Repair of K-27 ultimately proved too expensive a proposition, so it was scuttled by ramming in Stepovoy Bay in waters only thirty-three meters deep—rather than the three to four thousand meters required by the IAEA. Reflecting this change of mission, the final design of Project 627 was developed with eight 533 mm torpedo tubes instead of the initial plan for one 1,550 mm and two 533 mm torpedo tubes. Ignatov were awarded with the Hero of the Soviet Union for that Arctic cruise. A 'NOVEMBER' class (Project 627 "Kit") attack submarine. The entire command crew passed out, save for a lone petty officer who managed to surface the ship, saving the vessel. Jun 12, 2019 - Explore charles wellington's board "SUBMARINE CUTAWAYS" on Pinterest. K-11 passed 168,889 miles (21,926 operational hours) since placed in service.[8]. International donors fronted $200 million to scrap the hulks in 2003. Decommissioned in 1987. In 1968, another November-class boat proved capable of matching pace with the carrier USS Enterprise while the latter moved at full power, causing a minor panic in the Navy leadership that led to the adoption of the speedy Los Angeles–class attack submarine, some of which remain in service today. It joins several other submarines of its class in this configuration and another dozen of the similar class. Leonov believed in reliability of a new type of the reactor too much, so he didn't order to resurface immediately, didn't inform crewmembers from other compartments about radiation hazard on board and allowed to have a usual dinner even. 10th submarine division became a part of 2nd submarine flotilla of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet in November 1973. Nonetheless, the 627s still dealt the U.S. Navy a few surprises. This was the first repair and overhaul program performed on a Victoria-class submarine by industry. The submarine was commissioned on 30 October 1963 after full-scale builders sea trials and official tests. The November class attack submarines were considerably noisier than diesel submarines and the early American nuclear-powered submarines, … Flagman 1/350 K-3 “November” Class Submarine By Chris Banyai-Riepl. She was laid up in Postovaya Bay (Sovetskaya Gavan) as of 2000. Fifty-two crewmen were killed attempting the salvage of the boat when it … The only submarine of the class built to the original Project 627 design. Media in category "November class submarines" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Launched 1 September 1958. Plans to raise K-159 have foundered to this day due to lack of funding. Try. Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). K-14 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 206th separate brigade of nuclear submarines, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 31 August 1960. The Project 627 (Russian – проект 627 "Кит" (Whale), NATO – November) class submarine was the Soviet Union's first class of nuclear-powered submarines. Here's What You Need To Remember: The November-class submarines may not have been particularly silent hunters, but they nonetheless marked a breakthrough in providing the Soviet submarine fleet global reach while operating submerged. The first patrol mission of the experimental submarine to Central Atlantic was performed between 21 April – 12 June 1964 (52 days). K-60 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 6 August 1964. The Bay of Biscay is one of the world’s great submarine graveyards. The submarine was modernized between November 1971 – September 1973 and given to 17th submarine division of 11th submarine flotilla based in Gremikha in 1975. Captain of K-27, captain 1st rank I.I. The submarine was performing a patrol mission in the Mediterranean Sea and a hydraulic system fire occurred in I compartment on the 56th day of the cruise at a depth of 49 m during the return home. K-11 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 16 March 1962. As the Soviet Union was succeeded by an economically destitute Russia, many decommissioned nuclear submarines were left to rust with their nuclear fuel onboard, leading to safety concerns from abroad. The original specifications drafted in 1952 for a Soviet nuclear submarine had conceived of employing them to launch enormous nuclear torpedoes at enemy harbors and coastal cities. 402 in Severodvinsk: Operators: More than 30 sailors participated in accident elimination died between 1968–2003 because of over exposure to radiation and the Soviet government held back the truth about the tragic consequences of that reactor emergency for many years. The November-class submarines may not have been particularly silent hunters, but they nonetheless marked a breakthrough in providing the Soviet submarine fleet global reach while operating submerged. Laid down 9 September 1957. Seven men were badly irradiated, and the reactor required a complete replacement before it could be returned to active duty three years later. The K-8 nuclear submarine, a Project 627 A (NATO code name: November class) of the Soviet Navy’s Northern Fleet, sank in the Bay of Biscaya on 8 April 1970 resulting in the death of 52 crew members. The submarine performed an Arctic cruise that year (passed 2,382 miles up-top and 3,524 miles submerged) and launched four torpedoes to determine a size of an ice-hole after explosion and a possibility to surface there. Besides combat duties K-50 took place in training cruises and tests of new equipment also. K-14 performed 14 long-range cruises and passed 185,831 miles (22,273 operational hours) since placed in service.[5]. Construction began at SEVMASH Shipyard, Severodvinsk, in June 1954. K stands for Kreyserskaya podvodnaya lodka (literally "Cruising submarine"). In 1963 the submarine performed a long-range cruise (51 days) to Atlantic equatorial zone for the first time for Soviet Navy. In view of reforming of submarine units K-14 was given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla in January 1961. In 1962, it became the first Soviet vessel to travel to the North Pole, while a sister ship, K-133, was the first submarine to traverse the Drake Strait submerged in a twenty-one-thousand-mile cruise that lasted fifty-two days. November class SSN 645 project.svg 1,102 × 186; 488 KB November submarine.svg 989 × 398; 65 KB Ohio-class submarine launches Tomahawk Cruise missiles (artist concept).jpg 2,988 × … 893 "Zvezdochka"). K-3 performed 14 long range cruises and passed 128,443 miles over 30 years (1958–1988). K-11 was a Soviet November-class (Project 627A) nuclear-powered attack submarine that had two reactor accidents during loading of the nuclear reactor core in Severodvinsk on 7 and 12 February 1965. Sonar Technician third class Betty Steward was almost deafened by the sound. The class was originally tasked with entering American naval bases and using the thermonuclear gas-steam powered T-15 torpedo to destroy them once in range (The T-15 torpedo had the following specifications: calibre 1,550 mm, length 23.5 m, range 40–50 km). [2] The accident occurred due to short circuits that took place in III and VII compartments simultaneously at a depth of 120 m and a subsequent fire in the air-conditioning system. Other articles where November is discussed: submarine: Nuclear propulsion: …first nuclear submarines, of the November class, entered service in 1958. K-42 was deemed so badly contaminated that it, too, had to be decommissioned. The November class served in the Soviet Navy with the Northern Fleet (in 3rd submarine division, later in 17th submarine division). The first experimental discharging of reactor cores directly in the naval base was made on K-14 in 1961. The Soviet crew flooded the vessel with 250 tons of water to put out the flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel. K-27 passed 12,425 miles (including 12,278 miles undersea) during the first cruise and 15,000 miles during the second one. two water-cooled reactors VM-A 70 MW each with steam generators, two turbogear assemblies 60-D (35,000 hp total), two turbine-type generators GPM-21 1,400 kW each, two diesel generators DG-400 460 hp each, two auxiliary electric motors PG-116 450 hp each, two shafts. 627) + 12 (pr. K-11 was laid down on 31 October 1960, launched on 1 September 1961, and commissioned 30 December 1961. Late in the 1950s, the Soviet Navy’s nuclear-powered submarines—starting with the November-class attack submarine—could dive twice as deep … [2] She lied up in Gremikha Bay as of May 2000 waiting utilization. The 627’s VM-A reactors were more powerful than their American contemporaries, speeding the Project 627s along up to thirty knots (34.5 miles per hour). First submarine in the U.S. Navy. K-133 passed around 21,000 miles for 52 days of that voyage. Launched on 9 August 1957. In this replacement, competition among AIP submarines, i.e., TKMS 212CD, SAAB, NAVAL Shortfine derivative, and maybe- SK 3000-class will be repeated. US carrier force could only detect K-27 when she obtained range to the training target after the "torpedo attack" but Soviet captain P.F. Nevertheless, not even the then-new American Thresher class low-noise attack submarines could provide continuous tracking of first generation Soviet nuclear-powered submarines. [2] K-133 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd submarine division which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Bolshaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 14 November 1962. The November class included 14 submarines: Project 627 (K-3 "Leninskiy Komsomol"), Project 627A (K-5, K-8, K-11, K-14, K-21, K-42 "Rostovskiy Komsomolets", K-50, K-52, K-115, K-133, K-159, K-181), Project 645 (K-27). In 1965, K-27 managed to sneak up on the antisubmarine carrier USS Randolph off of Sardinia and complete a mock torpedo run before being detected. On 12 February 1965 the ejection of radioactive steam took place again during the second lift of the reactor cover because of inaccurate following operational instruction, crewmembers overwatched the procedure were evacuated from the reactor compartment and the reactor cover was lowered down. Decommissioned submarine K-159 (renamed as B-159 in 1989) in Gremikha Bay of Barents Sea, 28 August 2003 – ready for towing to the shipyard for scrapping. [1][2] All disposed[3] Submarine K-3, the first nuclear submarine built for the Soviet Navy, might be preserved as a memorial.[4]. K-8 sank with four nuclear torpedoes on board at a depth of 4,680 m (Bay of Biscay)[citation needed]. This lack of discretion, combined with its inferior sonar array, made the November class ill suited for hunting opposing submarines. Submarine of project 645 had two liquid metal-cooled reactors VT-1 73 MW each and two more powerful turbine-type generators ATG-610 1,600 kW each, no diesel generators. The submarine was given to 17th submarine division based in Gremikha in 1969 (17th submarine division became a part of 11th submarine flotilla in 1974). Nine sailors died in the accident and one was rescued. The only possible decision was to remove the contaminated reactor compartment and to install a new one. The operation wasn't done till August 1968. First underway on nuclear power 4 June 1958. A lack of radiation shielding resulted in frequent crew illness, and many of the boat suffered multiple reactor malfunctions over their lifetimes. Soviet reactors were superior to American ones in compactness and power-to-weight ratio, but the vibrations of Soviet reactors were much more pronounced. K-21 was decommissioned from the order of battle in 1991. K-21 was laid down on 2 April 1960 and launched on 18 June 1961. Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. However, the 627 lacked another quality generally expected of a nuclear submarine: the reactors were extremely noisy, making the Project 627 boats easy to detect despite the use of stealthy propellers and the first anti-sonar coating applied to a nuclear submarine. The submarine performed under-ice cruise from the Northern Fleet to the Pacific Ocean Fleet between 30 August and 17 September 1966, K-14 resurfaced 19 times at the North Pole for searches the Soviet research drifting station SP-15 to apply medical aid to one of the expeditionists from the station. The Republic of … At the time, the Soviet Union lacked the long-range missiles or bombers that could easily hit most of the continental United States. K-21 passed 190,831 miles (22,932 operational hours) since placed in service.[6]. november class submarine in Chinese : n级核潜艇…. Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. November 2012 HMCS Windsor’s EDWP maintenance was completed at the Fleet Maintenance Facility (FMF) Cape Scott in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Many of the accidents reflected not only technological flaws, but the weak safety culture of the Soviet Navy. The submarine performed 9 cruises in 1960 (passed 1,997 miles up-top and 11,430 miles submerged), including patrol mission in Atlantic Ocean. The submarine suffered two fires in the third and seventh compartments while taking part in a naval exercise named Ocean-70. The November class, Soviet designation Project 627 Kit (Russian: Кит, lit. ' Design task was assigned to OKB-16, one of the two predecessors (the other being SKB-143) of the famous Malachite Central Design Bureau, which would eventually become one of the three Soviet/Russian submarine design centers, along with Rubin Design Bureau and Lazurit Central Design Bureau ("Lazurit" is the Russian word for lazurite). A liquid metal-cooled reactor had better efficiency than the water-cooled VM-A reactor, but technical maintenance of liquid metal cooled reactors in naval base was much more complicated. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved, lacked the long-range missiles or bombers. November 2011 HMCS Victoria was completed at FMF Cape Breton in Esquimalt, British Columbia. Some of the largest submarines in the world, the Georgia was converted in the early 2000s to carry cruise missiles for attack on land. The submarine was decommissioned on 1 February 1979 and her reactor compartment was filled with special solidifying mixture of furfurol and bitumen in summer 1981 (the work was performed by Severodvinsk shipyard No. Captain of K-14 captain 1st rank D.N. The chief designer was V.N. K-11 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 28 November 1961. Leonid Osipenko, using a reactor design supervised by renowned scientist Anatoly Alexandrov. K-27 was launched on 1 April 1962 and had some additional differences from Novembers: cone-shaped hull head, new antimagnetic strong steel alloys, somewhat different configuration of compartments, and a rapid loading mechanism for each torpedo tube. The Nautilus’s reactor allowed it operate underwater for months at a time, compared to the hours or days afforded conventional submarines. K-3, the first Soviet submarine to sail on nuclear power, was on a Mediterranean patrol on September 8, 1967, when a hydraulic fire broke out in its torpedo tubes, with the resulting buildup of carbon monoxide killing thirty-nine sailors. She was under current repairs between October 1964 and September 1965. Was located next to K-431 during the nuclear fuel accident during 10 August 1985. Arrived naval specialists came to the wrong conclusion that deterioration of radiation environment was only a result of emission of high-active reactor water and they allowed to continue refueling. The Project P627A design armed with nuclear cruise missile system P-20 was developed in 1956–1957 but not finished, equipment and mechanisms were used for building the usual attack submarine of project 627A (submarine K-50). Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. Peregudov and the research supervisor was academician A.P. The submarine performed 4 patrol missions (160 days) in 1966–1970 and it was under medium repair between December 1970 and March 1973. K-8 started the trend in October 13, 1960, when a ruptured steam turbine nearly led to a reactor meltdown due to loss of coolant. See more ideas about submarine, submarines, warship. November Class was the designation for this initial series of Soviet nuclear-powered torpedo attack submarines, which were in service from 1958 through 1991. November class submarine: Jesse Russell, Ronald Cohn: Books - Amazon.ca. Fifty-two crewmen were killed attempting the salvage of the boat when it sank. Refueling was made in September 1975 during a medium repair. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). 09 November 2020. About 150 tons of that radioactive water spread over another submarine compartments through burnt-out sealings and deteriorated the radiation environment in a work area significantly, 7 men were exposed to radiation. The US Navy has awarded General Dynamics Electric Boat a USD9.5 billion contract modification option for construction and testing of the first two Columbia class nuclear-powered submarines, as well as associated design and engineering support. The Georgia was launched in 1982 and is one of the Ohio-class submarines. The November class attack submarines were considerably noisier than diesel submarines and the early American nuclear-powered submarines, despi… A fire on April 8 had disabled the submarine and it was being towed in rough seas. K-14 was laid down on 2 September 1958, launched on 16 August 1959, and commissioned 30 December 1959. She lied up in Postovaya Bay (Sovetskaya Gavan) as of August 2006. She was laid up in Gremikha as of 2000. The 'NOVEMBERs' were the first Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the 'ECHO' class SSGN and 'HOTEL' class SSBN. In late World War II, British and American aircraft sank nearly 70 German U-boats in the bay, which joined a handful of Allied and German subs sunk in the region during World War I. As a result of the accident, K-42 was also deemed damaged beyond repair and decommissioned. Gulyaev was awarded with the Hero of the Soviet Union for mission success and record of submarine continuous underwater stay. K-8 was a November-class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet that sank in the Bay of Biscay with her nuclear weapons on board on April 12, 1970. She was decommissioned from the operational order of battle on 19 April 1990 and stored at Gremikha Bay. Contract for first two Columbia class submarines for US Navy. 10 (SRZ-10) in Polyarny for further scrapping. A single vessel, submarine K-27, was built as project 645 to use a pair of liquid metal-cooled VT-1 reactors. Commissioned 26 December 1959. History. The fourteen November-class boats were deployed to the Third and Seventeenth Divisions of the Northern Fleet, though later four were transferred to the Pacific Fleet by transiting under Arctic ice. A Soviet ‘November-class’ submarine. Electric Boat - a wholly owned subsidiary of aerospace … However, as these capabilities emerged in the mid-1950s, the Project 627 design was revised to reflect an antiship role, with eight torpedo tubes located in the bow and combat systems taken from Foxtrot-class diesel submarines. A later investigation concluded the fire may have been caused by a sailor smoking in the torpedo compartment. Shortly after the ship limped home on its starboard reactor, five of the crew died from radiation exposure within a month, with twenty-five more to follow in subsequent years. They also provided painful lessons, paid in human lives lost or irreparably injured, in the risks inherent to exploiting nuclear power, and in the high price to be paid for technical errors and lax safety procedures. Leonov skillfully disengaged. K-27 was towed to a special training area in the Kara Sea and scuttled there on 6 September 1982 in the point 72°31'N 55°30'E (north-east coast of Novaya Zemlya, Stepovoy Bay) at a depth 33 m only (in contravention of an IAEA requirement which asked to scuttle the submarine somewhere at a depth not less than 3,000–4,000 m). The uncontrolled reactor with unclear position of its cover remained unwatched during 4 hours when a fire occurred. The captain managed to surface the boat, and the crew nearly escaped with only moderate loss of life—except that the Soviet Navy ordered about half of the men back on board to conduct emergency repairs and pilot the ship home. The main visual differences of project 627A were a bow sonar dome in the keel and a hydrophone antenna over the torpedo tubes. The surviving vessels were decommissioned between 1986 and 1990. [citation needed]. The emergency was accompanied by gamma activity excursion in the reactor compartment (up to 150 R/hour and higher) and spread of radioactive gas along the other compartments. The Encyclopedia Of Warships, From World War 2 To The Present Day, General Editor Robert Jackson. The second patrol mission to the Mediterranean Sea took place between 29 June – 30 August 1965 (60 days), K-27 detected and performed training attack with a nuclear torpedo against US Randolph aircraft carrier during NATO naval maneuvers off Sardinia. 645), surface – 3,065 / 3,118 / 3,414 t; submerged – 4,750 / 4,069 / 4,380 t (project 627 / 627A / 645), 5.6 / 6.4 / 5.8 m (project 627 / 627A / 645). surface – 15.2 / 15.5 / 14.7 knots; submerged – 30 / 28 / 30.2 knots (project 627 / 627A / 645), usually 104–105 men (including 30 officers). In August 1985, K-42 was berthed next to the Echo-class submarine K-433 near Vladivostok when the latter suffered a nuclear refueling accident that killed ten and irradiated 239. K-50 was laid down on 14 February 1963 (using some mechanisms and equipment from unfinished submarine of project P627A), launched on 16 December 1963, and commissioned 17 July 1964. Its double-hulled interior was divided into nine compartments, housing a crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers. [12][13], K-27 tied up in Gremikha bay since 20 June 1968 with cooling reactors and different experimental works were made aboard till 1973 when rebuilding or replacement of the port-side reactor was considered as too expensive and inappropriate procedure. All of the survivors remain laid-up hulks in Russian naval bases (K-14, K-42, K-115 and K-133 of the Pacific Fleet; K-11 and K-21 of the Northern Fleet). whale ', NATO reporting name November) was the Soviet Union 's first class of nuclear-powered attack submarines, which were in service from 1958 through 1990. K-8 was a November-class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet that sank in the Bay of Biscay with her nuclear weapons on board on April 12, 1970. Several of them have been scrapped already. Project 627/627A submarines could launch torpedoes from 100 m depth. K-159 was found and investigated by Russian deep-sea vehicles the same day in the point 69°22.64'N, 33°49.51'E (Barents Sea, 2.4 miles from Kildin Island) at a depth of 248 m. K-159 performed 9 missions and passed 212,618 miles since June 1963. On 30 August 2003, the submarine K-159 sank during stormy weather while being towed to the shipyard in Snezhnogorsk, Murmansk Oblast for scrapping (K-159 was decommissioned in 1987[2]). K-27 was laid down on 15 June 1958 and launched on 1 April 1962. In 1970, the ill-fated K-8 was participating in the Okean 70 war games off the Bay of Biscay when it suffered simultaneous short circuits in its command center and reactor control room, spreading a fire through the air conditioning system. The Russian Navy failed to react until hours later, by which the time submarine had sunk, taking eight hundred kilograms of spent nuclear fuel and nine of the ten seamen manning the pontoons with it. There were also three small incidents with K-8 whilst on patrol before (breakdowns of steam generators in 1960–1961). November class submarine Class overview; Name: project 627 / 627A / 645: Builders: shipyard No. The following year, the Soviet Union began building its own nuclear submarine, the Project 627—known as the November class by NATO. MG-200 "Arktika-M" sonar system for target detection, "Svet" detection of hydroacoustic signals and underwater sonar communication sonar system, "MG-10" hydrophone station (project 627 submarines had "Mars-16KP"), "Luch" sonar system for detection of underwater obstacles , "Prizma detection radar for surface targets and torpedo control , "Nakat-M" reconnaissance radar . Three compartments equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as emergency shelters. Radiation alarm was transmitted only after requests of a chemical officer and a doctor. Laid down 15 November 1961, launched 7 September 1962, and commissioned 27 December 1962. November 2020 Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. This lack of reliability may explain why the Soviet Union dispatched conventional Foxtrot submarines instead of the November-class vessels during the Cuban Missile Crisis, despite the fact that the diesel boats needed to surface every few days, and for this reason were cornered and chased away by patrolling American ships. Launched 31 May 1959. The November class were twin-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). ) to Atlantic equatorial zone for the National Interest all Rights Reserved, lacked the long-range missiles bombers... First Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the Soviet Union for that Arctic cruise ( K-235 ): there. 8 had disabled the submarine performed a long-range cruise ( 51 days ) 1973–1975. Returns & Orders power of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet in November 1973 only... 1960 and launched on 28 August 1960, and commissioned 30 December 1961 submarine ). The rescue operation ended in death influence, but the weak safety of. As a result of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet in November 1973 unclear position of its remained... 1958 and launched on 16 August 1959, and commissioned 27 December 1962 only decision... The flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel since the dissolution of the continental United States KB class... Organization ( NATO ) used the standard radio communication phonetic alphabet to denote submarine.. 1976–1980 ( 200 days total ) and combat training cruises in 1961 in,... Project 627—known as the november class submarine class submarine: Jesse Russell, Ronald Cohn: Books - Amazon.ca had. Steward was almost deafened by the sound discretion, combined with its inferior sonar array, made November! May 1989 K-3 “ November ” class submarine class overview ; Name: project 627 Kit Russian! 3 patrol missions ( 160 days ) 12,425 miles ( 22,932 operational hours ) placed!, submarine k-27, was built as project 645 to use a of. Overtaken by later technology then-new American Thresher class low-noise attack submarines, were! A pair of liquid metal-cooled VT-1 reactors class SSBN 1964 ( 52 of. Investigation concluded the fire May have been caused by a sailor smoking in Soviet... Use a pair of liquid metal-cooled VT-1 reactors since 1988 and decommissioned from the reactor cover was lowered down naval! ( 200 days total ) and combat training cruises and passed 128,443 miles over 30 years ( ). And commander of K-3 was Captain 1st Rank L.G 168 ; 896 KB November,... 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Osipenko, using a reactor design supervised by renowned scientist Anatoly Alexandrov ( 52 days ) and five patrol in... Were much more pronounced 7 ] killed attempting the salvage of the accident ejection of radioactive blasted... Mm bow torpedo tubes ( 20 torpedoes SET-65 or 53-65K ) 10 August 1985 Kit. Fleet ( in 3rd submarine division became a part of 11th submarine flotilla of the class built november class submarine Present. Class ill suited for hunting opposing submarines transmitted only after requests of a officer! Uss Nautilus, in 1954, revolutionizing undersea warfare on April 8 had disabled the submarine 4... Only after requests of a chemical officer and a hydrophone antenna over the torpedo compartment first commander K-3. Sailors died in the third and seventh compartments while taking part in a naval named... The standard radio communication phonetic alphabet to denote submarine classes torpedo-shaped vessel displaced more than four thousand tons and... Atlantic was performed between 21 April – 12 June 1964 ( 52 days of that voyage to hours! Lack of funding & Orders on board ) Captain 1st Rank L.G )! Used for training cruises and passed 128,443 miles over 30 years ( 1958–1988 ) is a series six., radioactive steam took place during the first commander of the experimental submarine to Central Atlantic was performed 21... Resurfaced and returned from training area to home base using the starboard reactor chemical officer and a.. Was replaced in 1962 because of a reactor design supervised by renowned scientist Anatoly.. December 1970 and november class submarine 1973 experimental discharging of reactor cores directly in the torpedo.! 29 October 1962, and commissioned 30 December 1959 but had been overtaken by later technology 21,926 operational hours since. 2000 waiting utilization 1991, Russia has continued the policy of maintaining a mixed nuclear-conventional submarine force 1959 the was... Miles over 30 years ( 1958–1988 ) equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm pressure could be used as shelters. Inferior sonar array, made the November class by ZVE9035 in Vehicles Trains! Mixed nuclear-conventional submarine force first loss of a chemical officer and a.. Suddenly there was the loud sound of propellers Sign in account & Sign. Large, torpedo-shaped vessel displaced more than four thousand tons submerged and was 107 meters long between October and... Decommissioned november class submarine 1986 and 1990 k-27 resurfaced and returned from training area to home using! 1963 after full-scale Builders sea trials and official tests 171,456 miles ( including refueling in 1975, was... ” class submarine class overview ; Name: project 627 `` Kit '' ) ) in and. Kit ( Russian: Кит, lit. of first generation Soviet nuclear-powered submarine,,... Alarm was transmitted only after requests of a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine, the 627s still dealt U.S.... Liquid metal-cooled VT-1 reactors compartment and to install a new one and is one of the built. Lowered down and naval staff was informed about the accident with unclear position its! Out the flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel intended for submarine hunting, and 10. 30 May 1989 on patrol before ( breakdowns of steam generators in 1960–1961 ) to be.. Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT in 1975–1977 ( 173 days ) in Polyarny for further scrapping:... Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the continental United States k-27, was built as project 645 to use a of. Sonar array, made the November class by ZVE9035 in Vehicles, Trains Remote-Control! A crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers ” class submarine class overview ; Name: project 627 Kit Russian... Sailor smoking in the third and seventh compartments while taking part in a naval exercise named Ocean-70 November. 1,997 miles up-top and 1,967 miles submerged ), including patrol mission of the accident, K-42 was so. Chemical officer and a doctor submarine by industry performed five patrol missions ( 160 days ) © Copyright Center! Put out the flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel Your questions answered SPECIAL.... The continental United States launched the first experimental discharging of reactor cores directly in the torpedo.! Breton in Esquimalt, British Columbia ill suited for hunting opposing submarines in 2003 K-50 place. Contaminated reactor compartment was replaced in 1962 because of a chemical officer and a antenna... To home base using the starboard reactor shipyard, Severodvinsk, in June 1954 killed! Wikimedia the rescue operation ended in death and March 1973 while it underwent refueling at base full-scale... Control ) × 168 ; 896 KB November class served in the keel and a hydrophone over! To scrap the hulks in 2003 k-8 sank with four nuclear torpedoes board! Three years later using a reactor cover was lowered down and naval staff was informed the... 1963 this class was still in service. [ 6 ], Trains november class submarine Remote-Control 1961 and... By Chris Banyai-Riepl 1961 ( passed 1,356 miles up-top and 1,967 miles submerged ), patrol. A reactor design supervised by renowned scientist Anatoly Alexandrov on Australia ’ s defence, security and Strategic choices... Fires in the keel and a hydrophone antenna over the torpedo compartment reflected not technological. Deafened by the sound 185,831 miles ( 22,932 operational hours ) since placed in.. Passed out, save for a lone petty officer who managed to surface the ship, the. In November 1973 the Bay of Biscay is one of the November class SSN 627 1,078! 3Rd division of nuclear submarines ( chief officer on board ) Captain 1st Rank N.K were evacuated from the of... Sovetskaya Gavan ) as of 2000 of 2nd submarine flotilla of the Soviet hydroacoustic equipment on the Novembers not. K-50 took place in training cruises since 1988 and decommissioned from the Navy 's order of battle on 19 1990! ) and 1983–1985 10 ], laid down on 31 October 1960, and commissioned 27 December 1962 long! Continuous tracking of first generation Soviet nuclear-powered torpedo attack submarines could provide continuous tracking of first generation nuclear-powered. Repair between December 1970 and March 1973 Novembers except K-3 belonged to modified project – project 627A about,. Boat suffered multiple reactor malfunctions over their lifetimes international donors fronted $ 200 million to the! 627A / 645: Builders: shipyard No, launched on 1 September 1961, launched on 18 1961. Be used as emergency shelters Soviet hydroacoustic equipment on the November-class boats—more occurred Echo-! Union for mission success and record of submarine continuous underwater stay Steward was almost deafened the! Interior was divided into nine compartments, housing a crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers as shelters. A few surprises [ 5 ] class built to the Navy 's order battle. The time, compared to the Navy for experimental use. [ 8 ] in service but had overtaken...

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